Instructional Devices: Teaching Machines, Serious Games and Subject Technologies

Author(s): Nohr, Rolf F


Under the gamification heading, we are currently discussing a collec- tion of control policies that—depending on the perspective—are either considered omnipotent opportunities to control behaviour and create motivation or, on the other hand, dystopian and inhuman ‘sublimi- nal’ disciplines aimed at breaking the subject in. Regardless of one’s own position: the discussion of a gamified rationality cannot abstain from looking at the discursive prerequisites that led to the gamifica- tion debate of the 2010s. To do so, the following aims to (briefly) trace gamification back to two preceding historic developments: to a specific from of (‘playful’) learning and the consequences related to control policies that arise from this ‘expanded definition of learning’.2 The digitalisation of classrooms and gamified educational offers developed and applied today are not without historic precedent. In the past, tremendous efforts (and investments) were made to equip classrooms with the latest media technology.

Download icon

Published in:

Preferred Citation
Nohr, Rolf F: Instructional Devices: Teaching Machines, Serious Games and Subject Technologies. In: Digital Culture & Society, Jg. 7 (2021), Nr. 1, S. 29-52. DOI:
 author = {Nohr, Rolf F},
 title = {Instructional Devices: Teaching Machines, Serious Games and Subject Technologies},
 year = 2021,
 doi = "\url{}",
 volume = 7,
 address = {Bielefeld},
 journal = {Digital Culture & Society},
 number = 1,
 pages = {29--52},
license icon

As long as there is no further specification, the item is under the following license: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen